R a s s i s m u s T ö t e t
Jährlich sterben zahlreiche Menschen durch die Abschottungspolitik der Festung Europa. Tote bei Deportationen werden bewusst in Kauf genommen. Marcus Omofuma ist kein Einzelfall....

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letzte Änderung: 15.04.2002

  Report on the case, March 14th 2002
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Der Prozess


Report on the case, March 14th 2002
Lawsuit against the 3 police officers…or against Marcus Omofuma?
Persons present: judge Dr. Fiala, second judge, 2 lay jurors, 2 first lay jurors, public prosecutor, lawyer Dr. Zanger as representative of the children and the estate (left behind) of Marcus Omofuma, the lawyers of the accused Dr. Rifaat and Dr. Ofner, the accused B., R., and K., as well as the press and the public (audience).
After Ex-minister of the interior Mr. Frank Löschnak (SPÖ), another former Minister of Interior is invited on this 6th day of the hearing: Mr. Caspar Einem (SPÖ as well). He was Austria’s Minister of Interior from April 1995 to the end of January 1997.
The focal point of the interview was to what extent Einem knew about the practice of sealing the mouth of a deportee during so called "problematic deportations”. Answering the question of the judge when he had heard about the practice of sealing a deportee’s mouth during "problematic deportations” for the first time, he said he had learnt about it through a report of the committee against torture at the Council of Europe in 1995. That report was about reproaches of assault and battery against Austrian officials from 1993. Investigations took place within the ministry of the interior, still the reproaches could not be confirmed according to Mr. Einem. In 1997, the independent administrative court of Styria dealt with the practice of deportation, however, he claims never to have received a written statement.
According to Mr. Einem the report of the committee against torture was also discussed in the ministry of the interior. In his opinion the use of adhesive tape was allowed for tying somebody up but not for sealing his mouth. "I would not have accepted it as a means of self-defense.” There were no consequences since the only specific case occurred in 1993. "As a superior of 33,000 officials you are not able to investigate everything.” Einem said there did not exist any regulations for "problematic deportations” during his term of office. "I was not aware of that” (the practice of sealing the mouth was meant). It would have been necessary to lay down rules and it is important to give hints to the human rights convention in the basic training. "Police officers don’t have a manual with them which is effective in every single case.” The attitude of the different departments of the Interior Ministry varies. Another basic problem is being left alone. In the course of solving problems measures could fall back on individual officers.
An official of the foreign police had given evidence that a picture showing a Black African with a sealed mouth was submitted to Mr. Einem in 95 (1995). Mr. Einem could not confirm that.
Commenting on the legal decision of the federal asylum office, Einem said: "The question is how you actually think about deportations- an incorrect decision on asylum application can lead to death. The federal asylum office has to make proper and sensitive decisions.” He claimed to have had tried to support that through personal decisions. A statement concerning the general proceedings of the foreign police: ”It could not have been a question of deporting by all means.” The possibilities would have to be adequate. The job of foreign officers is "ungrateful” and difficult. According to Einem fear of a massive immigration into Austria gripped the Ministry of Interior at the beginning of the 1990s. While visiting an office of the foreign police in Wasagasse, Vienna during his term of office, he took notice of a "strange attitude” towards lawyers and human rights organizations. He tried to change that- it turned out to be very difficult. So-called "problematic deportations” were also discussed- according to the officials, people who protested their deportation in the airplane were not deported.
Lawyer Zanger questioned the witness about difficulties concerning the flow of information in the Ministry of Interior. Mr. Einem stated that some in the Ministry had difficulties agreeing with him; a major problem was the "social intercourse with foreigners”. Further the political consciousness in the country is important, to make clear that not everybody coming in is "a crook”. Deportations have to be carried out in the case of the commitment of an offense or in the case of the refusal of an application for asylum. Just after his term of office he learned that some information had not been passed on to him because of his different views.
Lawyer Rifaat: "When did you first encounter the term ‘problematic deportations’?”. Einem: "The term ‘problematic deportations’ did not yet exist at that time.” Question: "Which deportations did you consider difficult?” Einem: "In cases where states are "not taking back” their citizens, if documents were refused; "resistance, violence, bites, scratching, spitting”. Answering the question what he had thought about the technical and practical conduct of deportations, Mr. Einem said that this question had not been brought up to the Minister. Rifaat: "Had there been any concrete clues that there were incorrect decisions made by the federal asylum office?” Einem said he was trying to make sure that the authority decision was well balanced, and that it should not be the agent of those "who don’t want to let anybody in”.
Lawyer Ofner read out of the report of the Human Rights Advisory Board in connection with so-called "problematic deportations” which contained the question of why there were no guidelines for deportations. Einem said he had set up measures in the training sector, for example seminars attended by both- police and Afro-Asian institute. The working situation in the deportation prison was also bad. He stood for new ways of care. It is also possible that the change of attitude towards the post, which came simultaneously with the change from Löschnak to Einem, did not reach down to the police officers.
Then Ofner once again tried to defame Marcus Omofuma ("two identities, different information concerning the citizenship”), judge Fiala did not let him speak up.
At the end the judge announced the cost for deportations: approximately 4.400,-- Euro for "normal” deportations, approximately 47.000 Euro for so called "problematic deportations”.End of the day of hearing: 10 h 30

Mehr Info: Medizinisches Gutachten von Prof. Brinkmann